The Libyan Journal of Science and Technology (LJST) is online scientific journal devoted to the publication of original research contributions in the field of Fundamental Sciences (pure an applied). Manuscripts reporting the results of new research - observational, experimental, or theoretical – concerning the disciplines of Astronomy, Geology, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Statistics, Mathematics and other scientific areas of applied sciences are welcome. Manuscripts of short papers, regular papers, notes, comments and letters to the editor can be submitted. Reviews, historical papers, manuscripts describing scientific instrumentations and book reviews may be considered, but only with prior approval of the Editor-In-Chief or executive editor. English is the language of publication that used in this journal. LJST is endorsed by Faculty of Science, the University of Benghazi, Libya. However, publications written in Arabic can be submitted with prior approval of the Editor-In-Chief or executive editor.