The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the pediatric hospital of Benghazi city, Libya.


  • Ismaeel H. Bozakouk
  • Ibrahim I. I. Abdalla
  • Khawla S. Al Orifya
  • Mohamad Bumediana
  • Farag Bleibloa



Urinary Tract Infections, Pediatric Hospital of Benghazi City, Antibiotic Resistance, Escherichia coli


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a frequent clinical problem and may have adverse clinical
consequences especially for infants and young children. There have been no studies conducted to
determine the incidence rate of UTIs among children in Benghazi and the guidelines for the laboratory
diagnosis and antimicrobial susceptibility testing remained largely unmanaged. Accordingly, we
investigated the prevalence of pediatric UTIs during the first six months of the year 2015 in the pediatric
hospital of Benghazi city. About 2100 urine samples were collected from patients presented with clinical
signs of UTIs. In both hospitalized patients admitted to different hospital units and from the outpatient
department (OPD), the overall bacterial UTIs rate was 15.43% (324 UTI-positive samples). In OPD, the
rate of UTIs in boys was 61.83% compared to 45.33% in girls. However, UTIs were more frequent in girls
than boys as indicated from samples received from the other hospital internal units. The most common
cause of UTIs was Escherichia coli (64.32%). Other responsible agents have included Klebseilla, Proteus,
Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Aeromonas and Streptococcus. The rate of resistance to amoxicillin and
norfloxacin was about 40%. Similarly, the other antibacterial drugs routinely used for UTI susceptibility
testing revealed less than 30% resistance. Therefore, important factors such as incidence rate of UTIs,
standard laboratory diagnosis, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing require a special consideration in
children for optimal UTIs treatment.


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How to Cite

Bozakouk, I. ., Abdalla, I. ., Al Orifya, K. ., Bumediana, M. ., & Bleibloa, F. (2022). The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the pediatric hospital of Benghazi city, Libya. Libyan Journal of Science &Amp;Technology, 5(2).