Totally volume integral of fluxes for discontinuous Galerkin method-two dimensional Euler equations
Keywords:Euler equations, discontinuous Galerkin method, Divergence theorem, Riemann problems.
In this paper, the scheme of constructing high-order accurate totally volume discontinuous finite element method for the numerical solution of the 1D Euler equations is extended to 2D Euler equations on Cartesian meshes. In the present work, the boundary integral fluxes are transformed into volume integral by applying divergence theorem to the boundary integral of the Riemann fluxes. Therefore, the totally volume discontinuous finite element is independent on the boundary integral fluxes at the element boundaries as opposed to the classical discontinuous Galerkin method. The accuracy is obtained by applying high-order polynomial approximations within elements using the tensor product of Lagrange polynomial. For temporal integration, strong stability preserving Runge-Kutta method SSPRK (3, 3) is applied. The scheme is stabilized by using Streamline Upwind Petrov Galerkin (SUPG) stabilization technique. For the spatial discretization, the polynomial of order 1and 2 are used, the shape function is constructed for the master (computational) element after applying the coordinate transformation for the physical domain, the transformation for the governing equations is performed to get it in the function of computational Cartesian, then the governing equations are put in conservative form. The numerical results of applying totally volume integral discontinuous Galerkin method for two-dimensional Euler equations presented in this paper show that the scheme is very accurate, fast, and effective even with shock appearance.