composition of submitted manuscripts

General points on composition

  • It is highly recommended for authors to analyze their final draft using both software tools (for example, spelling and grammar checkers) and, if feasible, human proofreaders.
  • Authors are encouraged to keep in mind that clarity is an important feature of scientific writing. Scientific articles must be clear and precise in their content and concise in their delivery because their purpose is to inform the reader. The editor reserves the right to edit all manuscripts or to reject those manuscripts that lack clarity or precision or that have unacceptable grammar or syntax.

Specifics of the composition of submitted manuscripts:

General structure
All manuscripts submitted to the Scientific Journal of University of Benghazi should include Title Page, Abstract, Main Text, References and Acknowledgements, Tables, Figures and Figure Legends as appropriate.

Title Page: The title page should include the following: 

  • Title, which should be succinct as well as descriptive.
  • First name and last (surname) name of each author.
  • Name and address of department, hospital or institution to which work should be attributed.
  • Running title (Maximum of 30 letters and spaces).
  • Maximum of six keywords (in alphabetical order).
  • Name, full address, telephone, and e-mail address of author responsible for correspondence, known as the corresponding author.
  • Conflict of interest ("None" if not existing).


The Scientific Journal of the University of Benghazi requires that all sources of institutional, private, and corporate financial support for the work within the manuscript must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest noted. Grant or contribution numbers may be acknowledged, and principal grant holders should be listed. Acknowledgments should be brief and should not include thanks to anonymous referees and editors. 

The Scientific Journal of the University of Benghazi mandates the full and brief acknowledgment of all forms of financial support, whether it’s from institutional, private, or corporate entities, for the work presented in the manuscript, while avoiding acknowledging anonymous referees and editors. It’s also necessary to mention any possible conflicts of interest. The numbers of grants or contributions may be acknowledged. The main grant holders must be listed. 

Ethical approval (where appropriate):  should be issued by the local ethical approval committee in the institution, department, or health care facility. The journal may 

Conflict of interest: The authors should declare any conflict of interest, if any.

Tables should be:

  • Double-spaced
  • With vertical ruling
  • With a single bold ruling under column title
  • With units of measurement mentioned in the column title. 

Figures should meet the following criteria:

  • Figure legends should begin with a brief title for the  figure followed by a short description of each panel.
  • One column width (8.0 cm), 1.5 column widths (13.0 cm) or 2 column widths (17.0 cm)
  • Suitable for photocopy reproduction.
  • Letters on figures are clear and sans serif (e.g. Helvetica)
  • After reduction for publication, upper-case text and numbers should be at least 1.5-2.0 mm high (10-point Helvetica).
  • Symbols should be at least 2.0-3.0 mm high (10 points) after reduction.
  • Each figure should have one panel except in multi-part figures
  • Multi-part figures should be arranged as they would appear in the final version.
  • Avoidance of unnecessary figures and panels of figures, which can be briefly stated in the text.
  • Can be reduced at the smallest size at which essential details are visible.
  • Should be on a white background.
  • Excessive boxing, unnecessary colors, shading, and/or decorative effects should be avoided.
  • The line spacing should be sufficiently wide to remain clear on reduction to the minimum acceptable printed size.
  • Figure panels are labeled with a lower-case, boldface, roman letter, a, b, and so on, in the same type size as used elsewhere in the figure.
  • Labels in the figures should be in lower-case, with the first letter capitalized.
  • SI nomenclature or the nomenclature common to a particular field, are used.
  • Thousands should be separated by a thin space (1 000).
  • Give the full spelling of unusual units or abbreviations.
  • Use scale bars rather than magnification factors, with the length of the bar defined in the legend. 


References and citations should be in the Vancouver style. It is essential that all references cited in the text are also included in the reference list. References cited in the abstract should be full. The reference list should not contain unpublished papers or personal communications, although they can be referred to in the text. If a reference is cited as “in press”, it means that it has been approved for publication. We suggest using a tools like EndNote or Reference Manager for managing and formatting references.

Example of journal citation:

Aho M, Irshad B, Ackerman SJ, Lewis M, Leddy R, Pope T, et al. Correlation of sonographic features of invasive ductal mammary carcinoma with age, tumor grade, and hormone-receptor status. J Clin Ultrasound [Internet]. 2013 Jan [cited 2015 Apr 27];41(1):10-7. Available from: DOI: 10.1002/jcu.21990]

Example of a book citation:

[ Altobelli N. Airway management. In: Kacmarek R, Stoller JK, Heuer AJ, editors. Egan’s fundamentals of respiratory care. 10th ed. St. Louis: Saunders Mosby; c2013. p. 732-86].

 Example of online sources citation:

 [Aho M, Irshad B, Ackerman SJ, Lewis M, Leddy R, Pope T, et al. Correlation of sonographic features of invasive ductal mammary carcinoma with age, tumor grade, and hormone-receptor status. J Clin Ultrasound [Internet]. 2013 Jan [cited 2015 Apr 27];41(1):10-7. Available from: DOI: 10.1002/jcu.21990]

For more information about Vancouver referencing style, you may refer to this online resource:

Vancouver Referencing | A Quick Guide & Reference Examples ( , or any other sources of your preference.